PTC Thermistors Limit Temperature Sensor

PTC Thermistor Limit Temperature Sensor

PTC Thermistor Limit Temperature Sensor

PTC thermistors with their very steep curves are very suitable for the monitoring of temperature limits and consequently for switching on a fan when a particular temperature is reached.

PTC (positive temperature coefficient) thermistor switches at one particular temperature.

Making use of the characteristics that the resistance of PTC thermistors increases sharply above curie temperature, when ambient temperature increases abnormally, protective circuit installed PTC thermistor will turn on or cut off loop through resistance changing, achieving thermal protection purpose.

PTC thermistors protect such equipment and components as motors, transformers, power transistors and thyristors against over-temperature.

PTC thermistor is less expensive than a thermostat, and its switch temperature can be more accurately specified. It is also smaller and easier to design-in to electronic circuitry. Therefore PTCthermistors can be ideal devices for temperature detection, monitoring, indicating, limiting and over (excessive) temperature protection.

PTC Thermistor Limit Temperature Sensor RT

PTC Thermistor Limit Temperature Sensor RT

A further advantage of the PTC temperature characteristic is that PTC thermistors can be connected in series and thus, in their function as temperature sensors, can very easily monitor several hot spots. As soon as one of these PTC sensors in a series connection exceeds the specified limit temperature, the circuit switches to the high-ohmic state.

With PTC thermistors as temperature sensors only the steep region of the R/T characteristic is used.   PTC thermistor is only useful as a temperature measuring device over a relatively short range of temperatures near the switch temperature. The resistance of the PTC thermistor is to be regarded as a function of the ambient temperature [RPTC =f(TA)].

The precondition for this relationship between resistance and ambient temperature is that self-heating and/or the varistor effect are excluded. This means that these PTC thermistors must be operated in the lowest possible field strengths. To enable a fast response, thermistor sensors have especially small dimensions. High control accuracy is achieved by using materials with an extra steep resistance/temperature characteristic.

When the PTC is being used as a temperature sensor, the amount of current through the PTC must be small so as not to self-heat the thermistor and cause errors. Normally, it is not possible to use a PTC thermistor as a temperature sensor when it is in a self-heated mode of operation.

Typical Application of PTC thermistors Temperature Limiting Sensors

·Limit temperature measurement of Industrial electronics application.
·Power supplies, switch power supply.
·Home appliances, such as dish washers, washing machines, ironing machines, electric cookers, etc.
·Electronic data processing and communications engineering (DC/DC converters).
·Motor windings overheating Protection.
·Automotive electronics.
·Semiconductor heatsinks, enclosure panels, temperature-limited transistors.
·Lighting applications.

PTC Thermistors Limit Temperature Sensor for Industrial Application

PTC thermistor can be used effectively to detect whether a temperature limit in industrial equipment, liquids, etc, is exceeded. The PTC thermistor is mounted in thermal contact with the medium that has to be protected from overheating. When the rated temperature limit of the medium is reached, the resistance of PTC thermistors increases abruptly. In connection with a control unit, this signal can be used to automatically switch the power supply of a load.

How Does PTC Thermistor Temperature Protection work?

The PTC thermistor is mounted in thermal contact with the equipment to be protected, and connected into the bridge arm of a comparator circuit, such as shown in Fig. 1. At normal temperature, the PTC thermistor resistance (Rp) is lower than Rs (see Fig. 2), so the comparator’s output voltage VO will be low. If an equipment over temperature occurs, the PPTC thermistor will quickly heat up to its trigger or nominal reference temperature Tn, whereupon its resistance will increase to a value much higher than Rs, causing VO to switch to a high level sufficient to activate an alarm, relay or power shutdown circuit.

PTC Thermistor in Comparator Circuit

PTC Thermistor in Comparator Circuit

Typical Switch Characteristic

Typical Switch Characteristic

TC Thermistor Temperature Protection of 3 phase electric motor

TC Thermistor Temperature Protection of 3 phase electric motor

PTC Thermistor Limit Temperature  Sensors Features

  • 2 Outlook construction: A-radial leaded epoxy resin coated form, B-metal tag lug form.
    Screw type metal cases or other construction can be made upon customer request.
  • PTC thermistor Protection temperature 60C to 130C. 60C, 70C, 80C, 90C, 100C, 110C, 120C, 130C.
  • Quick response.
  • Long stability.
  • Small dimension, convenient for installation.
  • Do not need to be reset after protection.

PTC Thermistor for Temperature Compensation and Overheat Sensing of  Transistors

Fig (1) shows a basic circuit for temperature compensation. In biasing the transistor, the resistance of PTC thermistor is used. If the transistor overheats, the PTC thermistor will heat up as well. As the PTC thermistor passes the switch temperature, it will go high resistance and unbiased the circuit, and turning off the transistor. In case of Fig. (2) and (3), it also can be used as an over heat sensor as well.
When PTC thermistor is used for temperature compensation, it does not change the input impedance, like a negative temperature coefficient Thermistor (NTC Thermistor), because the PTC thermistor is not connected to input circuit in parallel. Therefore, the PTC thermistor is suitable for circuits which do not need a change of input impedance as a pulse circuits, regional amplifier, and measurement equipment.

PTC Thermistor for Transistor temperature compensation and protection circuit

PTC Thermistor for Transistor temperature compensation and protection circuit

More than two pieces of PTC thermistors can cover multi hot spots working with a comparator. Following shows basic circuit idea to connect multiple PTC thermistors in series. When One PTC thermistor detects overheat at least, a comparator can work by the sharp temperature resistance characteristic. It easily allows changing a number of PTC thermistor or sensing temperature in the same basic circuit design.

Circuit with 2 PTC sensors for 2 hot spots limit temperatures monitoring

Circuit with 2 PTC sensors for 2 hot spots limit temperatures monitoring

Circuit with two series-connected PTC thermistor sensors for the monitoring of limit temperatures, When the limit temperature is exceeded a fan can be switched on.

PTC Thermistors for Motors and Transformers Overheat Sensing

PTC thermistor can be used for the overheat sensing of motors, transformer winding, bearings, power transistors, and other machinery.  (1) shows an example of overheat sensing for motor using a relay. In case of small regular operating current, the circuit can be directly stopped by PTC thermistor. In case of larger regular operating currents, the circuit can be stopped by using the PTC thermistor with a relay or a thyristor. In either case, PTC thermistor is a very easy to use device, because it’s small, light, and a two terminals device.

PTC Thermistors temperature protection circuit example for motor transistor transformer

PTC Thermistors temperature protection circuit example for motor transistor transformer

PTC thermistor for temperature indication

Following shows most simple example of a temperature indicator. Temperature is sensed by PTC thermistor. If the target temperature is exceeded, a neon tube lights up.

PTC Thermistors for temperature indication circuit

PTC Thermistors for temperature indication circuit

PTC Thermistors for Overheat Sensing Protection Circuit Examples

PTC Thermistor Overheat Protection Circuit

PTC Thermistor Overheat Protection Circuit

PTC Thermistor Overheat Sensing Circuit

PTC Thermistor Overheat Sensing Circuit

PTC Thermistors Limit Temperature Sensor Dimension

PTC Thermistor Limit Temperature Sensor Dimension, Radial Resin & Metal Tag

AMWEI PTC thermistors Limit Temperature Sensor for Over-temperature Protection Data 

Part numberProtection
temperature
TS
(Centigrade)
Resistance @25C
R25
(Ohm)
Resistance
@ TS -15C
RS-15
(Ohm)
Resistance
@ protection
temperature
RS
(Ohm)
Max. current
Imax
(mA)
Max. voltage
Vmax
(V)
AMZ6-101RT6060C100 Ohm max330 Ohm max470 Ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-101RT7070C100 ohm max330 ohm max470 ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-101RT8080C100 ohm max330 ohm max470 ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-101RT9090C100 ohm max330 ohm max470 ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-101RT100100C100 ohm max330 ohm max470 ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-101RT110110C100 ohm max330 ohm max470 ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-101RT120120C100 ohm max330 ohm max470 ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-101RT130130C100 ohm max330 ohm max470 ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-331RT6060C330 ohm max1.5k ohm max2.2k ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-331RT7070C330 ohm max1.5k ohm max2.2k ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-331RT8080C330 ohm max1.5k ohm max2.2k ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-331RT9090C330 ohm max1.5k ohm max2.2k ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-331RT100100C330 ohm max1.5k ohm max2.2k ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-331RT110110C330 ohm max1.5k ohm max2.2k ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-331RT120120C330 ohm max1.5k ohm max2.2k ohm min100mA30V
AMZ6-331RT130130C330 ohm max1.5k ohm max2.2k ohm min100mA30V

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