When a circuit is in the normal status, the current through PTC is lower than the rated current and PTC thermistors protector is in the normal state with small resistance value, which will not affect the normal operation of the protected circuit.
In case of some fault in the circuit and the current is greater than the rated current, the PTC thermistor protector will become hot quickly and present a high resistance state, which sets the circuit relatively “off” to protect the circuit from damage.
After the fault is removed, PTC thermistor protector will automatically restore its low resistance state and the circuit will resume normal operation.
Normally, when PTC thermistor is used as an overcurrent protection component, it is preferred to select maximum operating current, maximum operating voltage and proper specifications.
Furthermore such factors should be taken into consideration as the dimensions of the components, rated zero-power resistance, operating temperature range, etc.